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J Proteomics. 2011 Dec 10;75(1):169-76. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2011.07.003. Epub 2011 Jul 19.

Strategies for the identification of arginine ADP-ribosylation sites.

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  • 1Institute of Immunology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany.


Mono-ADP-ribosylation of arginine is a protein modification in eukaryotic cells regulating protein activity and thereby influencing signal transduction and metabolism. Due to the complexity of the modification and the fragmentation pattern in MS/MS CID experiments, the identification of ADP-ribosylation sites in complex mixtures is difficult. Here we describe a two-step strategy, in the first step enriching and identifying potentially ADP-ribosylated proteins and in the second step identifying the sites of modification by a combination of LC/MS-, LC/MS(E) (MS at elevated fragmentation energy)- and LC/MS/MS experiments. Using this technique we could identify two ADP-ribosylation sites in TNFα digested with trypsin, protease V8 and both proteases and thereby demonstrate the specific ADP-ribosylation of TNFα. In complex samples the detection of ADP-ribosylated peptides requires further enrichment of the modified peptides. We tested various materials routinely used for the isolation of phosphopeptides. IMAC as well as TiO(2) chromatography were successfully applied for the selective enrichment of ADP-ribosylated model peptides.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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