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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2011 Oct;20(7):1025-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.04.016. Epub 2011 Jul 23.

Hemiarthroplasty versus nonoperative treatment of displaced 4-part proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients: a randomized controlled trial.

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  • 1Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science and Education, Section of Orthopaedics, Stockholm Söder Hospital, Sweden. per.olerud@sodersjukhuset.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of the study was to report the 2-year outcome after a displaced 4-part fracture of the proximal humerus in elderly patients randomized to treatment with a hemiarthroplasty (HA) or nonoperative treatment.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We included 55 patients, mean age 77 (range, 58-92) years, 86% being women. Follow-up examinations were done at 4, 12, and 24 months. The main outcome measures were health-related quality of life (HRQoL) according to the EQ-5D and the DASH and Constant scores.

RESULTS:

At the final 2-year follow-up the HRQoL was significantly better in the HA group compared to the nonoperative group, EQ-5D (index) score 0.81 compared to 0.65 (P = .02). The results for DASH and pain assessment were both in favor of the HA group, DASH score 30 versus 37 (P = .25) and pain according to VAS 15 versus 25 (P = .17). There were no significant differences regarding the Constant score or range of motion (ROM). Both groups achieved a mean flexion of approximately 90-95° and a mean abduction of 85-90°. The need for additional surgery was low: 3 patients in the HA group and 1 patient in the nonoperative group.

CONCLUSION:

The results of the study demonstrated a significant advantage in quality of life in favor of HA, as compared to nonoperative treatment in elderly patients with a displaced 4-part fracture of the proximal humerus. The main advantage of HA appeared to be less pain while there were no differences in ROM.

Copyright © 2011 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

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PMID:
21783385
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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