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Eur J Pharm Sci. 2011 Oct 9;44(3):181-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejps.2011.07.002. Epub 2011 Jul 12.

Transfer of repaglinide in the dually perfused human placenta and the role of organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs).

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turku University Central Hospital, Turku, Finland. kristiina.tertti@tyks.fi

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Our aim was to investigate the placental transfer of repaglinide by ex vivo placental perfusion experiment. In addition, the involvement of the active organic anion transporters (OATP1B1, OATP1B3 and OATP2B1) was studied by assessing the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes (SLCO1B1, SLCO1B3 and SLCO2B1) encoding OATPs.

STUDY DESIGN:

Fifteen placentas were obtained after delivery and a 2-h non-recirculating perfusion of a single placental cotyledon was performed to study maternal-to-fetal and fetal-to-maternal transport of repaglinide by using antipyrine as a reference of passive-diffusion transfer compound. Genotyping was performed for all placentas.

RESULTS:

Maternal-to-fetal transfer of repaglinide and antipyrine were 1.5% and 13.2%, respectively, and fetal-to-maternal transfers were 6.7% and 40.3%, respectively. Fetal-to-maternal transfer of repaglinide was statistically significantly higher than maternal-to-fetal transfer (P<0.0001). The number of placentas was not sufficient for proper statistical analysis, but the fetal-to-maternal transfer seemed to be affected by the SLCO1B3 polymorphism.

CONCLUSIONS:

The placental transfer of repaglinide from mother to fetus was low. Since a higher transfer rate of repaglinide was observed in fetal-to-maternal than maternal-to-fetal direction, active transport by OATP-transporters may be an important factor in fetal exposure to repaglinide.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21782017
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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