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Behav Brain Res. 2011 Nov 20;225(1):142-50. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2011.07.008. Epub 2011 Jul 12.

Are Sema5a mutant mice a good model of autism? A behavioral analysis of sensory systems, emotionality and cognition.

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  • 1Psychology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4R2.

Abstract

Semaphorin 5A (Sema5A) expression is reduced in the brain of individuals with autism, thus mice with reduced Sema5A levels may serve as a model of this neurodevelopmental disorder. We tested male and female Sema5a knockout mice (B6.129P2SEMA5A(<)™(1DGEN>)/J) and C57BL/6J controls for emotionality, visual ability, prepulse inhibition, motor learning and cognition. Overall, there were only two genotype differences in emotionality: Sema5a mutant mice had more stretch-attend postures in the elevated plus-maze and more defecations in the open field. All mice could see, but Sema5a mice had better visual ability than C57BL/6J mice. There were no genotype differences in sensory-motor gating. Sema5a mice showed higher levels of activity in the elevated plus-maze and light/dark transition box, and there were sex by genotype differences in the Rotarod, suggesting a sex difference in balance and coordination differentially affected by Sema5a. There were no genotype effects on cognition: Sema5a mice did not differ from C57BL/6J in the Morris water maze, set-shifting or cued and contextual fear conditioning. In the social recognition test, all mice preferred social stimuli, but there was no preference for social novelty, thus the Sema5A mice do not have a deficit in social behavior. Overall, there were a number of sex differences, with females showing greater activity and males performing better in tests of spatial learning and memory, but no deficits in the behavior of Sema5A mice. We conclude that the Sema5a mice do not meet the behavioral criteria for a mouse model of autism.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21777623
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3170441
Free PMC Article

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