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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Sep;96(9):E1472-6. doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-1043. Epub 2011 Jul 13.

SDHA immunohistochemistry detects germline SDHA gene mutations in apparently sporadic paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Erasmus MC-University Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. e.korpershoek.1@erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma syndrome is caused by mutations in SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD, encoding subunits of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), and in SDHAF2, required for flavination of SDHA. A recent report described a patient with an abdominal paraganglioma, immunohistochemically negative for SDHA, and identified a causal germline mutation in SDHA.

OBJECTIVE:

In this study, we evaluated the significance of SDHA immunohistochemistry in the identification of new patients with SDHA mutations.

SETTING:

This study was performed in the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam (The Netherlands) and the Université Paris Descartes in Paris (France).

METHODS:

We investigated 316 pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas for SDHA expression. Sequence analysis of SDHA was performed on all tumors that were immunohistochemically negative for SDHA and on a subset of tumors immunohistochemically positive for SDHA.

RESULTS:

Six tumors were immunohistochemically negative for SDHA. Four tumors from Dutch patients showed a germline c.91C → T SDHA gene mutation (p.Arg31X). Another tumor (from France) carried a germline SDHA missense mutation c.1753C → T (p.Arg585Trp). Loss of the wild-type SDHA allele was confirmed by loss of heterozygosity analysis. Sequence analysis of 35 SDHA immunohistochemically positive tumors did not reveal additional SDHA mutations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrate that SDHA immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded tumors can reveal the presence of SDHA germline mutations and allowed the identification of SDHA-related tumors in at least 3% of patients affected by apparently sporadic (para)sympathetic paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas.

PMID:
21752896
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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