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Ethn Dis. 2011 Spring;21(2):230-6.

Evidence of reduced health-related quality of life in older Mexican Americans with arthritis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the association between self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis and health-related quality of life among older Mexican Americans.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study involving population-based survey.

SETTING:

Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (EPESE) survey conducted in Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and California.

PARTICIPANTS:

839 non-institutionalized Mexican American older adults (> or = 75 years) participating in Hispanic EPESE.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Self-reported physician-diagnosed arthritis; sociodemographic variables; medical conditions; body mass index; and the physical and mental composite scales from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36).

RESULTS:

518 (62%) of the subjects reported physician-diagnosed arthritis. Participants with arthritis had significantly lower scores on the physical composite scale (PCS) (mean = 35.3, SD = 11.3) and the mental composite scale (MCS) (mean = 53.5, SD = 10.8) of the SF-36 compared to persons without arthritis (PCS mean = 42.9, SD = 10.9; MCS mean = 57.0, SD = 8.8). Multiple regression showed that arthritis was associated with decreased PCS and MCS (model estimates of -5.74 [SE = .83]; and -3.16 [SE = .64]), respectively, after controlling for sociodemographic and clinical covariates.

CONCLUSIONS:

Arthritis is a highly prevalent medical condition in Mexican American older adults. Our findings suggest that deficits in both physical health and mental function contribute to reduced quality-of-life in this population.

PMID:
21749029
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3136930
Free PMC Article
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