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Nucl Med Biol. 2011 Nov;38(8):1129-34. doi: 10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2011.05.008. Epub 2011 Jul 8.

Improved detection and measurement of low levels of [18F]fluoride metabolized from [18F]-labeled pyrimidine nucleoside analogues in biological samples.

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  • 1Department of Experimental Diagnostic Imaging, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

It is important to identify all circulating metabolites, including free fluoride, for accurate pharmacokinetic modeling of [(18)F]-labeled radiotracers. We sought to determine the most efficient method to detect and quantify low levels of free [(18)F]fluoride in biological samples.

METHODS:

Low levels of [(18)F]fluoride were analyzed using two methods: (A) an ion-exchange cartridge and gamma counting, and (B) radio-HPLC, to compare the detection limits of these two analytical methods. Twenty microliters of [(18)F]fluoride solution was loaded onto an ion-exchange cartridge, then eluted with 20% MeCN/water (5 ml) and radioactivity trapped in the cartridge counted on a gamma counter. [(18)F]Fluoride was also determined in plasma and urine from mice injected with [(18)F]-labeled thymidine analogues using Method A.

RESULTS:

The detection sensitivity of Method A was 9.4-fold higher than that of Method B (0.075±0.004 vs. 0.71±0.02 nCi). With Method A, [(18)F]fluoride was determined in plasma for [(18)F]FLT, [(18)F]FMAU, [(18)F]FEAU and N(3)-[(18)F]FPrT as 1.4±0.31% (n=4), 0.17±0.49% (n=3), 4.88±1.62% (n=3) and 12.94±0.48% (n=4), respectively. The amount of [(18)F]fluoride determined in the urine was 11.49±1.60% (n=4) from [(18)F]FLT, 5.36±2.34% (n=3) from [(18)F]FMAU, 13.57±1.96% (n=3) from [(18)F]FEAU and 11.19±1.98% (n=4) from N(3)-[(18)F]FPrT.

CONCLUSION:

Low levels of [(18)F]fluoride in biological samples can be detected and quantified using an ion-exchange cartridge and gamma counting. This methodology is simple, accurate and superior to the standard use of radio-HPLC on a C(18) column for metabolite analysis, and it should be useful in pharmacokinetic modeling for animal imaging studies using an [(18)F]-labeled radiotracer and PET.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21741850
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3230730
Free PMC Article

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