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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Aug;15(8):1127-30. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.10.0700.

Translating childhood tuberculosis case management research into operational policies.

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  • 1Association for Social Development, Islamabad, Pakistan.


The control of childhood tuberculosis (TB) has been of low priority in TB programmes in high-burden settings. The objective of this paper was to describe the development and testing of tools for the management of childhood TB. The Pakistan National TB Control Programme embarked on a number of activities, including the establishment of policy guidelines for the management of childhood TB and later a guidance document, 'Case Management Desk Guide and Structured Monitoring', to demonstrate the implementation of childhood TB interventions in a programme context. Initial results showed improved case finding and treatment outcome in implementation sites compared with control districts. However, further programme attention is required to improve quality.

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