Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Anticancer Res. 2011 Jun;31(6):2297-302.

Efficacy and safety of bortezomib plus dexamethasone therapy for refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma: once-weekly administration of bortezomib may reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events.

Author information

  • 1Department of Hematology and Immunology, Kanazawa Medical University, 1-1 Daigaku, Uchinada, Ishikawa 920-0293, Japan. tfukus@kanazawa-med.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To establish the clinical use of bortezomib with fewer adverse events, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy and safety of bortezomib plus dexamethasone (BD) therapy for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients received bortezomib (1.3 mg/m2) as an intravenous bolus on days 1, 4, 8 and 11 in a 3-week cycle (twice-weekly administration), or on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 in a 5-week cycle (once-weekly administration). Dexamethasone (20 mg) was given on the day of and day after bortezomib treatment.

RESULTS:

From January 2007 to July 2010, 22 patients began to receive BD therapy. Initially, bortezomib was administered twice-weekly, but some severe adverse events developed; therefore, from January 2008, bortezomib was administered twice-weekly for the first two courses, followed by once-weekly for the subsequent courses. Patients who were expected to have severe adverse events beforehand were treated initially with once-weekly administration. Of the 22 patients, 14 were treated with twice-weekly followed by once-weekly administration, five with only twice-weekly administration and three with only once-weekly administration. Seventeen patients (77.3%) achieved at least partial response, including three with complete response and seven with very good partial response. The median progression-free survival and the median overall survival of 22 patients were 512 days and not reached, respectively. The median progression-free survival and the median overall survival of 17 patients who received at least one course of once-weekly administration were 615 days and not reached, respectively. The most frequent ≥grade 3 adverse events with twice-weekly administration were gastrointestinal, especially paralytic ileus and constipation. Among seven patients who developed ≥grade 3 gastrointestinal adverse events with twice-weekly administration, all four patients changed the schedule to once-weekly were able to continue BD therapy.

CONCLUSION:

Once-weekly administration of bortezomib in BD therapy may reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events without reducing the clinical efficacy of this therapy for refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.

PMID:
21737655
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk