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J Am Chem Soc. 2011 Aug 10;133(31):12144-53. doi: 10.1021/ja2039979. Epub 2011 Jul 19.

Unraveling the protein targets of vancomycin in living S. aureus and E. faecalis cells.

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  • 1Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich CIPSM, Department of Chemistry, Institute of Advanced Studies IAS, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching, Germany.

Abstract

Vancomycin is a potent glycopeptide antibiotic that has evolved to specifically bind to the D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide termini of nascent peptidoglycans. Although this mode of action is well established, several studies indicate that vancomycin and analogues exploit noncanonical target sites. In order to address all vancomycin targets in clinically relevant Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis strains we developed a series of small-molecule photoaffinity probes based on vancomycin. Proteomic profiling revealed the specific labeling of two previously unknown vancomycin targets that are likely to contribute to its antibiotic activity. The specific inhibition of the major staphylococcal autolysin Atl confirms previous observations that vancomycin alters S. aureus cell morphology by interaction with the autolytic machinery. Moreover, in E. faecalis the vancomycin photoprobe specifically binds to an ABC transporter protein, which likely impedes the uptake of essential nutrients such as sugars and peptides. The labeling of these two prominent membrane targets in living cells reveals a thus far unexplored mode of vancomycin binding and inhibition that could allow a rational design of variants with improved activity.

© 2011 American Chemical Society

PMID:
21736328
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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