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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2012 Jan;219(1):225-33. doi: 10.1007/s00213-011-2392-3. Epub 2011 Jul 7.

Long-term (3-year) effectiveness of haloperidol, risperidone and olanzapine: results of a randomized, flexible-dose, open-label comparison in first-episode nonaffective psychosis.

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  • 1University Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, IFIMAV, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Planta 2ª, Edificio 2 de Noviembre. Avda. Valdecilla s/n, 39008 Santander, Spain. bcfacorro@humv.es

Abstract

RATIONALE:

To enhance the effectiveness of antipsychotics in first-episode psychosis is crucial in order to achieve the most favourable prognosis. Difference in effectiveness between antipsychotics is still under debate.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study is to determine the long-term (3-year) effectiveness and efficacy of haloperidol, risperidone and olanzapine in first-episode schizophrenia-spectrum disorders.

METHOD:

This is a prospective, randomized, open-label study. Data for the present investigation were obtained from a large epidemiologic and 3-year longitudinal intervention programme of first-episode psychosis. One hundred seventy-four patients were randomly assigned to haloperidol (N = 56), olanzapine (N = 55), or risperidone (N = 63) and followed up for 3 years. The primary effectiveness measure was all-cause of treatment discontinuation. In addition, an analysis based on per-protocol populations was conducted in the analysis for clinical efficacy.

RESULTS:

The treatment discontinuation rate for any cause differed significantly between treatment groups (χ (2) = 10.752; p = 0.005), with a higher rate in haloperidol than in risperidone and olanzapine. The difference in the discontinuation rate between risperidone and olanzapine showed a tendency towards significance (χ (2) = 3.022; p = 0.082). There was a significant difference in the mean time to all-cause discontinuation between groups (log-rank χ ( 2 ) = 12.657;df = 2; p = 0.002). There were no significant advantages to any of the three treatments in reducing the psychopathology severity.

CONCLUSIONS:

After 3 years of treatment, a lower effectiveness was observed in haloperidol compared to second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). The use of SGAs for the treatment of early phases of nonaffective psychosis may enhance the effectiveness of antipsychotics.

PMID:
21735072
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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