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Sleep. 2011 Jul 1;34(7):885-90. doi: 10.5665/SLEEP.1120.

Sleep duration and overweight in European children: is the association modified by geographic region?

Author information

  • 1Department of Epidemiological Methods and Etiologic Research, Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine (BIPS), Germany.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

To investigate differences and a possible effect modification by geographical region in the association between sleep duration and overweight.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional.

SETTING:

Primary schools and preschools in 8 European countries.

PARTICIPANTS:

7867 children aged 2 to 9 years.

INTERVENTIONS:

Not applicable.

MEASUREMENTS:

Nocturnal sleep duration was assessed as part of a parental 24-h recall. Height and weight were measured by standardized procedures across centers. Data on personal, social, environmental and behavioral factors were collected using a standardized parental questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Sleep duration differed (P < 0.001) between European regions and normal vs. overweight children. A dose-dependent inverse association between sleep duration and overweight could be seen, with crude odds ratios ranging from 1.73 (99% CI 1.33; 2.25) for sleeping between 10 and 11 h to 3.81 (99% CI 2.85; 5.09) for sleeping less than 9 h (reference category > 11 h). This persisted after adjustment, but remained significant only for sleeping less than 9 h per night (north: OR = 1.70; 99% CI 1.13; 2.58 vs. south: OR = 2.84; 99% CI 1.57; 5.12) if stratified by region. No effect modification by region could be found, but adjustment for region accounted for changes in the effect estimate for sleeping less than 9 h (OR = 2.22; 99% CI 1.64; 3.02). The association was stronger in school children than in preschool children.

CONCLUSION:

Geographic region and related aspects-even if they do not seem to modify the association between sleep and overweight-should in any case be taken in consideration as a confounding factor on this association.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemiological study; IDEFICS; cross-sectional; preschool children; school children

PMID:
21731138
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3119830
Free PMC Article
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