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J Proteomics. 2011 Nov 18;74(12):2798-809. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2011.06.014. Epub 2011 Jun 25.

The use of a novel quantitation strategy based on Reductive Isotopic Di-Ethylation (RIDE) to evaluate the effect of glufosinate on the unicellular algae Ostreococcus tauri.

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  • 1Centre for Systems Biology at Edinburgh, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.


We report a novel stable-isotope labeling strategy for quantitative proteomics analysis. The method consists of labeling N-termini and lysine ε-amino groups through reductive amination using acetaldehyde. This allows isotope labeling using pairs of either 2H/1H or 13C/12C without mass spectrum overlap. Our labeling procedure, which is significantly different than that developed for dimethylation, can be completed with little trace of partial ethylation; non-labeled peptides represent less than 0.05% of all peptides. Co-elution of both isotopic 13C/12C peptide pairs was observed in all cases, simplifying data analysis, which can be performed using standard commercial software such as Mascot Distiller. A 13C/12C labeled mix in a 1:1 ratio from a complex extract digest of the unicellular algae Ostreococcus tauri, showed a relative standard deviation of less than 14%. This quantitative method was used to characterize O. tauri in the presence of glufosinate, an herbicide which inhibits glutamine synthetase. Blocking glutamine synthetase significantly reduced the expression of several enzymes and transporters involved in nitrogen assimilation and the expression of a number of proteins involved in various stresses including oxidative damage response were up-regulated.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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