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J Mol Diagn. 2011 Sep;13(5):541-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2011.05.009. Epub 2011 Jul 2.

Genomic changes in gliomas detected using single nucleotide polymorphism array in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue: superior results compared with microsatellite analysis.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

Deletion or loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in chromosomes 1p and 19q in oligodendrogliomas (ODGs) have diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications. Current clinical assays are limited because the probes or primers interrogate only limited genomic segments. We investigated the use of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays for identifying genomic changes in gliomas from FFPE tissues. DNA was extracted from FFPE tissues of 30 brain tumor cases (15 ODGs and 15 non-ODGs) and assayed on the Illumina array with 300,000 markers. SNP results were compared with standard short tandem repeat (STR) assays of chromosomes 1p and 19q. Fifteen ODGs had LOH by STR and deletion by array on both 1p and 19q. Ten non-ODGs had no evidence of LOH on 1p and 19q by STR, seven of which had no abnormalities for these chromosomes; three had partial deletions by SNP array. Five non-ODG cases had partial LOH or deletion by both assays. No major discordance was found between SNP array and STR results. Advantages of SNP arrays include no need for an accompanying normal sample, the ability to find small segmental deletions, the potential to distinguish between deletions and copy neutral LOH, and whole-genome screening to allow discovery of new, significant loci. Assessment of genomic changes in routine glioma specimens using SNP arrays is feasible and has great potential as an accurate clinical diagnostic test.

Copyright © 2011 American Society for Investigative Pathology and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21726663
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3157617
Free PMC Article

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