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Nanomedicine. 2012 Apr;8(3):299-307. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2011.06.018. Epub 2011 Jun 30.

Highly electroconductive multiwalled carbon nanotubes as potentially useful tools for modulating calcium balancing in biological environments.

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  • 1Institute of Translational Pharmacology, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Aiming to explore the mechanisms modulating cell-carbon nanotube interactions, we investigated whether Ca(2+) ion balancing between intra- and extracellular environments could be affected by multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). We analyzed the effects induced by two different kinds of MWCNTs (as prepared and annealed at 2400°C) on the intracellular Ca(2+) ion levels in rat electrically sensitive cells and on the intercellular junction integrity of rat adenocarcinoma colon cells and platelet aggregation ability, which depend on the Ca(2+) concentration in the medium. MWCNTs, purified by annealing and more electroconductive as compared to nonannealed MWCNTs, affected Ca(2+) ion balancing between extra- and intracellular environments and induced changes on Ca(2+) ion-dependent cellular junctions and platelet aggregation, behaving as the calcium chelator ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid. This could be due to the sorption of cationic Ca(2+) ions on CNTs surface because of the excess of negatively charged electrons on the aromatic units formed on MWCNTs after annealing. From the ClinicAL Editor: The authors investigated whether Ca(2+) ion balance between intra- and extracellular space can be modulated by multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Annealed nanotubes induced changes on Ca(2+) dependent cellular junctions and platelet aggregation, behaving similary to ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid, an established calcium chelator.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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