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Food Chem Toxicol. 2011 Sep;49(9):2273-8. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2011.06.026. Epub 2011 Jun 21.

In vitro and in vivo genotoxic effects of somatic cell nuclear transfer cloned cattle meat.

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  • 1Biotoxtech Co. Ltd., 58-1, Ochang Science Industrial Complex, Ochang, Chungbuk 381-763, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Although the nutritional composition and health status after consumption of the meat and milk derived from both conventionally bred (normal) and somatic cell nuclear transferred (cloned) animals and their progeny are not different, little is known about their food safeties like genetic toxicity. This study is performed to examine both in vitro (bacterial mutation and chromosome aberration) and in vivo (micronucleus) genotoxicity studies of cloned cattle meat. The concentrations of both normal and cloned cattle meat extracts (0-10×) were tested to five strains of bacteria (Salmonella typhimurium: TA98, TA100, TA1535, and TA1537; Escherichia coli: WP2uvrA) for bacterial mutation and to Chinese hamster lung (CHL/IU) cells for chromosome aberration, respectively. For micronucleus test, ICR mice were divided into five dietary groups: commercial pellets (control), pellets containing 5% (N-5) and 10% (N-10) normal cattle meat, and pellets containing 5% (C-5) and 10% (C-10) cloned cattle meat. No test substance-related genotoxicity was noted in the five bacterial strains, CHL/IU cells, or mouse bone marrow cells, suggesting that the cloned cattle meat potentially may be safe in terms of mutagenic hazards. Thus, it can be postulated that the cloned cattle meat do not induce any harmful genotoxic effects in vitro and in vivo.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21722695
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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