Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Res Sports Med. 2011 Jul-Sep;19(3):162-9. doi: 10.1080/15438627.2011.556523.

Estimation of injury simulation in international women's football.

Author information

  • 1Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicin , Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.


This study attempted to determine the frequency of apparent injury incidents in women's international football and estimate what proportion was authentic. Broadcast recordings of 47 games from 2 tournaments were reviewed to identify incidents in which a player behaved as if injured. Apparent injuries were considered definite if a player withdrew from participation within 5 minutes or if bleeding was visible. Remaining incidents were considered questionable. A total of 270 apparent injuries were observed at a rate of 5.74/game compared with 11.26/game previously reported in men's football. The definite injury rate was only 0.78/game vs. 4.96/game for questionable injuries. Definite injuries were associated with on-field treatment (P < 0.010), stretcher (P < 0.010), and second half (P = 0.022), while questionable injuries were associated with fouls (P = 0.036), contact (P < 0.010), and being tackled (P = 0.025). Questionable injuries were not associated with the final third of a half or with team success.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk