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Chaos. 2011 Jun;21(2):023108. doi: 10.1063/1.3535581.

On the topological sensitivity of cellular automata.

Author information

  • 1KERMIT, Department of Applied Mathematics, Biometrics and Process Control, Ghent University, Coupure links 653, Gent, Belgium. Jan.Baetens@UGent.be

Abstract

Ever since the conceptualization of cellular automata (CA), much attention has been paid to the dynamical properties of these discrete dynamical systems, and, more in particular, to their sensitivity to the initial condition from which they are evolved. Yet, the sensitivity of CA to the topology upon which they are based has received only minor attention, such that a clear insight in this dependence is still lacking and, furthermore, a quantification of this so-called topological sensitivity has not yet been proposed. The lack of attention for this issue is rather surprising since CA are spatially explicit, which means that their dynamics is directly affected by their topology. To overcome these shortcomings, we propose topological Lyapunov exponents that measure the divergence of two close trajectories in phase space originating from a topological perturbation, and we relate them to a measure grasping the sensitivity of CA to their topology that relies on the concept of topological derivatives, which is introduced in this paper. The validity of the proposed methodology is illustrated for the 256 elementary CA and for a family of two-state irregular totalistic CA.

PMID:
21721750
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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