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Int J Cardiol. 2013 Mar 10;163(3):266-71. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.06.015. Epub 2011 Jun 29.

Impact of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with stable atherothrombosis or multiple risk factors.

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  • 1Institut de Cardiologie (APHP), INSERM CMR937 and Univ Paris 6, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France.



We aimed to assess whether the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events in stable patients with established atherothrombosis or multiple risk factors.


We analysed the 23,728 European patients of the REACH Registry; 20,588 (86.8%) had established atherothrombotic disease and 3140 (13.2%) had multiple risk factors only. Aspirin (ASA) and/or NSAIDs use was determined at enrolment and ischemic events were recorded over two years of follow-up. cMACCE was defined as the composite of CV death, MI or stroke. Bleeding was defined as any bleeding leading to both hospitalisation and transfusion.


The mean age of population was 67.2±9.8years. At baseline, 1573 patients (6.6%) received NSAIDs and 15,395 (64.9%) received ASA. Four groups were defined: 1) no ASA/no NSAIDs, 2) ASA only, 3) NSAIDs only, 4) NSAIDs+ASA, with 7722 (32.5%), 14,433 (60.8%), 611 (2.6%) and 962 (4.1%) patients in these groups, respectively. Among the 22,028 (92.8%) with complete 2-year follow-up, 683 (3.2%) died from CV causes, while 395 (1.9%) had MI, 665 (3.1%) stroke, 1651 (7.6%) cMACCE and 199 (1.0%) bleeding. After adjustment, NSAID use was independently associated with an increased risk of stroke (OR 1.635; 95% CI 1.239-2.159, p<0.001), and a trend towards an increased bleeding rate (OR 1.554; CI 95% 0.960-2.51, p=0.07). No association was found between NSAID use and MI or MACCE.


In stable atherothrombosis patients, the use of NSAIDs appears to be independently associated with an increased cerebrovascular event risk.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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