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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2011 Oct 15;143(3-4):179-89. doi: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2011.06.002. Epub 2011 Jun 12.

Retroviral restriction and dependency factors in primates and carnivores.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Medicine and Division of Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. fadel.hind@mayo.edu


Recent studies have extended the rapidly developing retroviral restriction factor field to cells of carnivore species. Carnivoran genomes, and the domestic cat genome in particular, are revealing intriguing properties vis-à-vis the primate and feline lentiviruses, not only with respect to their repertoires of virus-blocking restriction factors but also replication-enabling dependency factors. Therapeutic application of restriction factors is envisioned for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease and the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) model has promise for testing important hypotheses at the basic and translational level. Feline cell-tropic HIV-1 clones have also been generated by a strategy of restriction factor evasion. We review progress in this area in the context of what is known about retroviral restriction factors such as TRIM5α, TRIMCyp, APOBEC3 proteins and BST-2/Tetherin.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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