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Acta Vet Scand. 2011 Jun 27;53:42. doi: 10.1186/1751-0147-53-42.

Immobilization of muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) with etorphine and xylazine.

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  • 1Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.


One hundred and thirty three "wild" muskoxen, 81 of which of known body mass, were successfully immobilized using etorphine (M99), and xylazine (Rompun®), delivered by use of a dart gun. A dose of 0.05 mg/kg M99, supplemented by 0.15 mg/kg Rompun was found to be very effective. This dose is much higher than currently recommended e.g. by Handbook of Wildlife Chemical Immobilization.

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