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J Epidemiol. 2011;21(5):329-36. doi: 10.2188/jea.JE20100188. Epub 2011 Jun 25.

Dietary intake of vitamin B(6) and risk of breast cancer in Taiwanese women.

Author information

  • 1School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

B vitamins, including vitamin B(6), are coenzymes that are important for DNA integrity and stability. Deficiencies in B vitamins may promote tumor carcinogenesis.

METHODS:

We examined the association of dietary vitamin B(6) intake with overall breast cancer risk and breast cancers stratified by hormone receptor status. This case-control study included 391 breast cancer cases and 782 control subjects enrolled at the Tri-Service General Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. Energy-adjusted intake of vitamin B(6) was derived from a food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using logistic regression.

RESULTS:

As compared with women in the lowest tertile, the multivariate-adjusted ORs for breast cancer among women in the second and highest tertiles of vitamin B(6) intake were 0.78 (95% CI, 0.64-2.52) and 0.64 (0.26-0.92), respectively. In addition, higher vitamin B(6) intake was associated with a significantly lower risk of developing ER-negative breast tumors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest that higher intake of vitamin B(6) is associated with a reduction in breast cancer risk, particularly ER-negative tumors.

PMID:
21705842
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3899431
Free PMC Article
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