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Arch Surg. 2011 Jun;146(6):724-32. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.2011.129.

Pancreatic endocrine tumors with major vascular abutment, involvement, or encasement and indication for resection.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA 94305-5641, USA. janorton@stanford.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgery for pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) with blood vessel involvement is controversial.

HYPOTHESIS:

Resection of PETs with major blood vessel involvement can be beneficial.

DESIGN:

The combined databases of the National Institutes of Health and Stanford University hospitals were queried.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Operation, pathologic condition, complications, and disease-free and overall survival.

RESULTS:

Of 273 patients with PETs, 46 (17%) had preoperative computed tomography evidence of major vascular involvement. The mean size for the primary PET was 5.0 cm. The involved major vessel was as follows: portal vein (n = 20), superior mesenteric vein or superior mesenteric artery (n = 16), inferior vena cava (n = 4), splenic vein (n = 4), and heart (n = 2). Forty-two of 46 patients had a PET removed: 12 (27%) primary only, 30 (68%) with lymph nodes, and 18 (41%) with liver metastases. PETs were removed by either enucleation (n = 7) or resection (n = 35). Resections included distal or subtotal pancreatectomy in 23, Whipple in 10, and total in 2. Eighteen patients had concomitant liver resection: 10 wedge resection and 8 anatomic resections. Nine patients had vascular reconstruction: each had reconstruction of the superior mesenteric vein and portal vein, and 1 had concomitant reconstruction of the superior mesenteric artery. There were no deaths, but 12 patients had complications. Eighteen patients (41%) were immediately disease free, and 5 recurred with follow-up, leaving 13 (30%) disease-free long term. The 10-year overall survival was 60%. Functional tumors were associated with a better overall survival (P < .001), and liver metastases decreased overall survival (P < .001).

CONCLUSION:

These findings suggest that surgical resection of PETs with vascular abutment/invasion and nodal or distant metastases is indicated.

Comment in

PMID:
21690450
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3122162
Free PMC Article

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