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Waste Manag. 2011 Sep-Oct;31(9-10):1973-83. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2011.05.021.

Pyrolysis of municipal plastic wastes II: Influence of raw material composition under catalytic conditions.

Author information

  • 1Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department, School of Engineering of Bilbao, Alda Urquijo, 48013 Bilbao, Spain. alex.lopez@ehu.es

Abstract

In this work, the results obtained in catalytic pyrolysis of three plastic waste streams which are the rejects of an industrial packing wastes sorting plant are presented. The samples have been pyrolysed in a 3.5 dm(3) reactor under semi-batch conditions at 440 °C for 30 min in nitrogen atmosphere. Commercial ZSM-5 zeolite has been used as catalyst in liquid phase contact. In every case, high HHV gases and liquids which can be useful as fuels or source of chemicals are obtained. A solid fraction composed of the inorganic material contained in the raw materials and some char formed in the pyrolysis process is also obtained. The zeolite has shown to be very effective to produce liquids with great aromatics content and C3-C4 fraction rich gases, even though the raw material was mainly composed of polyolefins. The characteristics of the pyrolysis products as well as the effect of the catalyst vary depending on the composition of the raw material. When paper rich samples are pyrolysed, ZSM-5 zeolite increases water production and reduces CO and CO(2) generation. If stepwise pyrolysis is applied to such sample, the aqueous liquid phase can be separated from the organic liquid fraction in a first low temperature step.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21689920
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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