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Open Orthop J. 2011;5:181-92. doi: 10.2174/1874325001105010181. Epub 2011 May 18.

Compartment syndrome following lower limb arthroplasty: a review.

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  • 1Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK.

Abstract

Compartment syndrome is an urgent clinical entity characterised by an increase in the interstitial pressure within a closed osseofascial compartment. Although well recognised as a potential complication after orthopaedic trauma, it is very rarely presented after elective orthopaedic surgery and especially joint arthroplasty. In these rare cases a number of variables are associated with it (positioning, coagulopathy, extensive soft tissue dissection, previous scarring, and epidural analgesia). In this study we present the current evidence with regard to incidence and causation of compartment syndrome after lower limb joint arthroplasty and make recommendations on how to avoid the development of this devastating complication.

KEYWORDS:

Hip; THA; TKA; arthroplasty; compartment syndrome; knee; review.

PMID:
21686323
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3115684
Free PMC Article
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