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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Sep;301(3):H803-12. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00210.2011. Epub 2011 Jun 17.

Differential regulation of metabolism by nitric oxide and S-nitrosothiols in endothelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Biophysics, Redox Biology Program, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA.


S-nitrosation of thiols in key proteins in cell signaling pathways is thought to be an important contributor to nitric oxide (NO)-dependent control of vascular (patho)physiology. Multiple metabolic enzymes are targets of both NO and S-nitrosation, including those involved in glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. Thus it is important to understand how these metabolic pathways are integrated by NO-dependent mechanisms. Here, we compared the effects of NO and S-nitrosation on both glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation in bovine aortic endothelial cells using extracellular flux technology to determine common and unique points of regulation. The compound S-nitroso-L-cysteine (L-CysNO) was used to initiate intracellular S-nitrosation since it is transported into cells and results in stable S-nitrosation in vitro. Its effects were compared with the NO donor DetaNONOate (DetaNO). DetaNO treatment caused only a decrease in the reserve respiratory capacity; however, L-CysNO impaired both this parameter and basal respiration in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, DetaNO stimulated extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), a surrogate marker of glycolysis, whereas L-CysNO stimulated ECAR at low concentrations and inhibited it at higher concentrations. Moreover, a temporal relationship between NO- and S-nitrosation-mediated effects on metabolism was identified, whereby NO caused a rapid impairment in mitochondrial function, which was eventually overwhelmed by S-nitrosation-dependent processes. Taken together, these results suggest that severe pharmacological nitrosative stress may differentially regulate metabolic pathways through both intracellular S-nitrosation and NO-dependent mechanisms. Moreover, these data provide insight into the role of NO and related compounds in vascular (patho)physiology.

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