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Clin Psychol Rev. 2011 Aug;31(6):934-48. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2011.05.003. Epub 2011 May 31.

Mental illness stigma and ethnocultural beliefs, values, and norms: an integrative review.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0044, USA. tabdu2@uky.edu

Abstract

The current literature on the problem of mental illness stigma in the United States must be expanded to better account for the role of culture. This article examines the relationship between mental illness stigma and culture for Americans of American Indian, Asian, African, Latino, Middle Eastern, and European descent. In this review, culture refers to the shared beliefs, values, and norms of a given racial or ethnic group. The reviewed literature indicates that there are differences in stigma among the various cultural groups; however, explanations as to why these differences exist are scant. Qualitative and quantitative studies indicate that cultural values are important with regard to stigma, particularly for Asian Americans and African Americans. Less is known about the interaction between cultural values and mental illness stigma for other cultural groups. Continued research in the area requires better organization and more exploration of the role of cultural history and values as they relate to mental illness stigma. To that end, a detailed, systematic approach to future research in the area is proposed.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21683671
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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