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J Chem Phys. 2011 Jun 14;134(22):224701. doi: 10.1063/1.3593403.

Adsorption of organic molecules on the TiO2(011) surface: STM study.

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  • 1Centre for Nanometer-Scale Science and Advanced Materials, NANOSAM, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow, Poland.


High resolution scanning tunneling microscopy has been applied to investigate adsorption and self-assembly of large organic molecules on the TiO(2)(011) surface. The (011) face of the rutile titania has been rarely examined in this context. With respect to possible industrial applications of rutile, quite often in a powder form, knowledge on behavior of organic molecules on that face is required. In the presented study we fill in the gap and report on experiments focused on the self-assembly of organic nanostructures on the TiO(2)(011) surface. We use three different kinds of organic molecules of potential interest in various applications, namely, PTCDA and CuPc representing flat, planar stacking species, and Violet Landers specially designed for new applications in molecular electronics. In order to reach a complete picture of molecular behavior, extended studies with different surface coverage ranging from single molecule up to 2 monolayer (ML) thick films are performed. Our results show that the adsorption behavior is significantly different from previously observed for widely used metallic templates. Creation of highly ordered molecular lines, quasi-ordered wetting layers, controlled geometrical reorientation upon thermal treatment, existence of specific adsorption geometries, and prospects for tip-induced molecule ordering and manipulation provide better understanding and add new phenomena to the knowledge on the (011) face of rutile titania.

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