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Int J Behav Med. 2012 Sep;19(3):391-7. doi: 10.1007/s12529-011-9173-6.

Measuring engagement at work: validation of the Chinese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale.

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  • 1Department of Social Work & Social Administration, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.



Work engagement is a positive work-related state of fulfillment characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption. Previous studies have operationalized the construct through development of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. Apart from the original three-factor 17-item version of the instrument (UWES-17), there exists a nine-item shortened revised version (UWES-9).


The current study explored the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale in terms of factorial validity, scale reliability, descriptive statistics, and construct validity.


A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in 2009 among 992 workers from over 30 elderly service units in Hong Kong.


Confirmatory factor analyses revealed a better fit for the three-factor model of the UWES-9 than the UWES-17 and the one-factor model of the UWES-9. The three factors showed acceptable internal consistency and strong correlations with factors in the original versions. Engagement was negatively associated with perceived stress and burnout while positively with age and holistic care climate.


The UWES-9 demonstrates adequate psychometric properties, supporting its use in future research in the Chinese context.

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