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PLoS One. 2011;6(6):e20745. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020745. Epub 2011 Jun 6.

HPLC-UV, MALDI-TOF-MS and ESI-MS/MS analysis of the mechlorethamine DNA crosslink at a cytosine-cytosine mismatch pair.

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  • 1Department of Food and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. pornchai.r@chula.ac.th

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mechlorethamine [ClCH(2)CH(2)N(CH(3))CH(2)CH(2)Cl], a nitrogen mustard alkylating agent, has been proven to form a DNA interstrand crosslink at a cytosine-cytosine (C-C) mismatch pair using gel electrophoresis. However, the atomic connectivity of this unusual crosslink is unknown.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

HPLC-UV, MALDI-TOF-MS, and ESI-MS/MS were used to determine the atomic connectivity of the DNA C-C crosslink formed by mechlorethamine, MALDI-TOF-MS of the HPLC-purified reaction product of mechlorethamine with the DNA duplex d[CTCACACCGTGGTTC]•d[GAACCACCGTGTGAG] (underlined bases are a C-C mismatch pair) indicated formation of an interstrand crosslink at m/z 9222.088 [M-2H+Na](+). Following enzymatic digestion of the crosslinked duplex by snake venom phosphodiesterase and calf intestinal phosphatase, ESI-MS/MS indicated the presence of dC-mech-dC [mech = CH(2)CH(2)N(CH(3))CH(2)CH(2)] at m/z 269.2 [M](2+) (expected m/z 269.6, exact mass 539.27) and its hydrolytic product dC-mech-OH at m/z 329.6 [M](+) (expected m/z 329.2). Fragmentation of dC-mech-dC gave product ions at m/z 294.3 and 236.9 [M](+), which are both due to loss of the 4-amino group of cytosine (as ammonia), in addition to dC and dC+HN(CH(3))CH = CH(2), respectively. The presence of m/z 269.2 [M](2+) and loss of ammonia exclude crosslink formation at cytosine N(4) or O(2) and indicate crosslinking through cytosine N(3) with formation of two quaternary ammonium ions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results provide an important addition to the literature, as the first example of the use of HPLC and MS for analysis of a DNA adduct at the N(3) position of cytosine.

PMID:
21673963
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3108972
Free PMC Article
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