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BMJ. 2011 Jun 14;342:d3214. doi: 10.1136/bmj.d3214.

Perinatal outcomes after maternal 2009/H1N1 infection: national cohort study.

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  • 1National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To follow up a UK national cohort of women admitted to hospital with confirmed 2009/H1N1 influenza in pregnancy in order to obtain a complete picture of pregnancy outcomes and estimate the risks of adverse fetal and infant outcomes.

DESIGN:

National cohort study.

SETTING:

221 hospitals with obstetrician led maternity units in the UK.

PARTICIPANTS:

256 women admitted to hospital with confirmed 2009/H1N1 in pregnancy during the second wave of pandemic infection between September 2009 and January 2010; 1220 pregnant women for comparison.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Rates of stillbirth, perinatal mortality, and neonatal mortality; odds ratios for infected versus comparison women.

RESULTS:

Perinatal mortality was higher in infants born to infected women (10 deaths among 256 infants; rate 39 (95% confidence interval 19 to 71) per 1000 total births) than in infants of uninfected women (9 deaths among 1233 infants; rate 7 (3 to 13) per 1000 total births) (P < 0.001). This was principally explained by an increase in the rate of stillbirth (27 per 1000 total births v 6 per 1000 total births; P = 0.001). Infants of infected women were also more likely to be born prematurely than were infants of comparison women (adjusted odds ratio 4.0, 95% confidence interval 2.7 to 5.9). Infected women who delivered preterm were more likely to be infected in their third trimester (P = 0.046), to have been admitted to an intensive care unit (P < 0.001), and to have a secondary pneumonia (P = 0.001) than were those who delivered at term.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests an increase in the risk of poor outcomes of pregnancy in women infected with 2009/H1N1, which reinforces the message from studies of maternal risk alone. The health of pregnant women is an important public health priority in future waves of this and other influenza pandemics.

Comment in

PMID:
21672992
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3114455
Free PMC Article

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