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Curr Opin Pediatr. 2011 Aug;23(4):403-6. doi: 10.1097/MOP.0b013e3283483efd.

Pediatric dermatology emergencies.

Author information

  • Division of Pediatric Dermatology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Wexford, Pennsylvania, USA. Dkress@AOL.COM

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

The purpose of this review is to summarize recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of several severe skin diseases seen in children.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Several articles published recently added significantly to our understanding of drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), eczema herpeticum, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome and inherited ichthyosis. A review of 60 patients with DRESS showed 80% with hepatic involvement, 40% with renal involvement, 33% with pulmonary involvement and 50% with hematologic abnormalities. A review on eczema herpeticum describes several clinical scenarios in which it is vital to keep that diagnosis in mind. Another review on severe staphylococcal skin infections reminds us of the importance of covering for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in all such cases until cultures and sensitivities show otherwise. The results of an international consensus conference on ichthyosis published this year will help all of us to better characterize these complicated patients. Additionally, the first case of hypothyroidism associated with a collodion baby was reported, as was the finding of an increased incidence of atypical nevi in patients with inherited ichthyosis.

SUMMARY:

Although all of the conditions discussed in this article are relatively rare, it is important that they be kept on the differential diagnosis for sick infants and children with cutaneous findings, as early diagnosis and treatment of some of these conditions can be life saving.

PMID:
21670682
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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