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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2011;75(6):1061-6. Epub 2011 Jun 13.

FXYD6, a Na,K-ATPase regulator, is expressed in type II taste cells.

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  • 1Research Laboratories for Health and Gustatory Science, Asahi Breweries, Ltd., Midori, Moriya, Japan.


Taste buds contain three types of taste cells. Each type can respond to taste stimulation, and type II and III taste cells are electrically excitable. However, there are differences between the properties of type II and III taste cells. In this study, we found that Fxyd6, an Na,K-ATPase regulator gene, is expressed in type II taste cells in the taste buds of mice. Double-labeled in situ hybridization analysis showed that Fxyd6 was coexpressed with transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 5 (Trpm5), a critical component of the sweet, bitter, and umami taste signal transduction pathways and that it was specifically expressed in type II taste cells. We also found that taste cells frequently coexpressed Fxyd6 and Na,K-ATPase β1. These results indicate the presence of an inherent mechanism that regulated transmembrane Na(+) dynamics in type II taste cells.

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