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Cell Signal. 2011 Oct;23(10):1625-32. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2011.05.016. Epub 2011 Jun 1.

Modulation of Nrf2 expression alters high glucose-induced oxidative stress and antioxidant gene expression in mouse mesangial cells.

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  • 1Department of Histology and Embryology, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) can up-regulate the expression of antioxidant genes and protect cells from oxidative damage. The current study is aimed at examining the effect of modulation of Nrf2 expression on high glucose-induced oxidative stress and Nrf2-targeting antioxidant expression in mouse mesangial cells. In this study, mouse mesangial cells were transiently transfected with Nrf2-plasmid or the Nrf2-specific siRNA. The high glucose-induced intracellular ROS, malondialdehyde, cell proliferation, and TGF-β1 secretion were measured. The levels of Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), γ-glutamylcysteine synthethase (γ-GCS) expression, and nuclear expression of Nrf2 in mouse mesangial cells were determined. We found that high glucose induced ROS and malondialdehyde generation in mouse mesangial cells. Induction of Nrf2 over-expression reduced the high glucose-induced ROS and malondialdehyde production, inhibited cell proliferation and TGF-β1 secretion, accompanied by up-regulating the expressions of HO-1 and γ-GCS in mouse mesangial cells. However, knockdown of Nrf2 expression displayed reverse effects in mouse mesangial cells. All these results indicated that Nrf2 and its downstream antioxidants, HO-1 and γ-GCS, are negative regulators of high glucose-induced ROS-related mouse mesangial cell dysfunction.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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