Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2011 Sep;156B(6):651-60. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.b.31205. Epub 2011 Jun 8.

Association between polymorphisms in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and cocaine-induced paranoia in European-American and African-American populations.

Author information

  • 1Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, New Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA.

Abstract

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (genetic locus, COMT) is a major enzyme involved in catecholamine metabolism and has been associated with numerous psychiatric phenotypes. We studied COMT SNPs and haplotypes in cocaine-induced paranoia (CIP) in African-American (AA) and European-American (EA) populations. We genotyped 17 SNPs across the COMT locus in 319 AA pedigrees (848 individuals) and 302 EA pedigrees (707 individuals). Family-controlled association analyses were conducted using FBAT. We found SNP rs737865 to be nominally significantly associated in the AA family population (P = 0.05). In EAs, the best-known marker, rs4680 (Val158Met), was nominally significant in additive models (P = 0.03). SNP rs174696 also showed nominal significance in additive models (P = 0.02). We considered the three SNPs (rs737866-rs4680-rs174696) together in haplotype analysis in both family populations, using HBAT. The A-A-T haplotype was significantly associated with CIP in EAs (Z = 2.845; P = 0.0044, global P = 0.020). We then studied COMT SNPs in an additional 738 AA and 404 EA unrelated cocaine dependent individuals with and without paranoia. The A-A-T haplotype was significantly associated to CIP in the AA unrelated population (P = 0.0015). Two haplotypes, A-G-C and A-A-C, were significant in the EA unrelated population (P = 0.001 and 0.0003). We also identified rs4680 and three other SNPs, rs933271, rs5993883, and rs740603, as potentially functional variants, as predicted by a signature of positive selection in unrelated EAs and AAs. Based on our robust family-controlled and unrelated-affected analyses, we conclude that COMT is associated with CIP, possibly as a result of its role in the metabolism of dopamine and norepinephrine.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
21656904
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3864552
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk