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Genes Immun. 2011 Oct;12(7):575-81. doi: 10.1038/gene.2011.12. Epub 2011 Jun 9.

An intracytoplasmic IL-10 receptor variant permits rapid reduction in STAT3 activation.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine III, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology and Christian Doppler Laboratory for Molecular Cancer Chemoprevention, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


Within the interleukin-10 receptor 1 (IL10R1) gene, two common variants are associated with certain diseases: single-nucleotide polymorphism 3 (SNP3), a serine-138 to glycine mutation is in linkage disequilibrium with SNP4, a glycine-330 to arginine mutation, both of which are considered loss-of-function alleles. However, the molecular consequence of G330R is unknown. We investigated possible roles of G330R on the dynamics of IL10R1 surface expression and signal transducer and activator of transduction (STAT) phosphorylation. HeLa cells expressing the respective IL10R1 haplotype were stimulated with IL-10. Significant reduction of IL10R1 surface expression was observed after ligand binding. Receptor expression remained low on continuous incubation with IL-10. In contrast, when treated with an IL-10 pulse, IL10R1 surface expression returned to its resting state within 3-9 h irrespective of the haplotype. STAT3 was rapidly phosphorylated both in cells with wild-type (WT) or variant IL10R1, and maintained phosphorylated when cells were cultured with IL-10. On IL-10 pulse, however, STAT3 phosphorylation declined rapidly in cells expressing IL10R1-G330R but not IL10R1-WT or S138G. Similar dynamics were observed with STAT1 phosphorylation at Tyr701. No differences in janus kinase 1 (JAK1) activation were observed in cells with WT or variant IL10R1. Our results indicate that IL10R1-G330R does not alter surface expression but duration of STAT phosphorylation, indicating that the position of G330 is important in stabilizing the STAT signal.

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