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Sleep Med Rev. 2011 Dec;15(6):343-56. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2011.01.003. Epub 2011 Jun 8.

A systematic review of CPAP adherence across age groups: clinical and empiric insights for developing CPAP adherence interventions.

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  • 1University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Biobehavioral Health Sciences Division, USA. ams24@psu.edu

Abstract

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a highly efficacious treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but adherence to the treatment limits its overall effectiveness across all age groups of patients. Factors that influence adherence to CPAP include disease and patient characteristics, treatment titration procedures, technological device factors and side effects, and psychological and social factors. These influential factors have guided the development of interventions to promote CPAP adherence. Various intervention strategies have been described and include educational, technological, psychosocial, pharmacological, and multi-dimensional approaches. Though evidence to date has led to innovative strategies that address adherence in CPAP-treated children, adults, and older adults, significant opportunities exist to develop and test interventions that are clinically applicable, specific to sub-groups of patients likely to demonstrate poor adherence, and address the multi-factorial nature of CPAP adherence. The translation of CPAP adherence promotion interventions to clinical practice is imperative to improve health and functional outcomes in all persons with CPAP-treated OSA.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21652236
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3202028
Free PMC Article
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