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Nano Lett. 2011 Jul 13;11(7):2622-7. doi: 10.1021/nl200587h. Epub 2011 Jun 8.

Giant two-photon absorption in bilayer graphene.

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  • 1Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117542.


We present a quantum perturbation theory on two-photon absorption (2PA) in monolayer and bilayer graphene which is Bernal-stacked. The theory shows that 2PA is significantly greater in bilayer graphene than monolayer graphene in the visible and infrared spectrum (up to 3 μm) with a resonant 2PA coefficient of up to ∼0.2 cm/W located at half of the bandgap energy, γ(1) = 0.4 eV. In the visible and terahertz region, 2PA exhibits a light frequency dependence of ω(-3) in bilayer graphene, while it is proportional to ω(-4) for monolayer graphene at all photon energies. Within the same order of magnitude, the 2PA theory is in agreement with our Z-scan measurements on high-quality epitaxial bilayer graphene deposited on SiC substrate at light wavelength of 780 and 1100 nm.

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