Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Pediatr. 2011 Oct;170(10):1349-52. doi: 10.1007/s00431-011-1500-z. Epub 2011 Jun 4.

Nocturnal apnea in Chiari type I malformation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Máxima Medical Centre, Veldhoven Postbus 7777, 5500 MB Veldhoven, the Netherlands. Lonneke.Aarts@mmc.nl

Abstract

A 4-year-old girl presented with sleep-disordered breathing. Her parents described breathing pauses of up to 20 s and progressive tiredness during the day. Obstructive apneas from an enlarged adenoid were thought to be the most probable cause. However, an adenotomy did not resolve the problem. Polysomnography demonstrated central apneas, and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging revealed a Chiari type I malformation. We describe the differential diagnosis of apnea in children and the role of polysomnography in the distinction between obstructive and central apneas.

CONCLUSION:

This case illustrates that, in children with apnea, it is important to consider central causes as well as the more common obstructive causes, even in the absence of additional neurological signs or symptoms.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk