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J Biomed Inform. 2011 Oct;44(5):859-68. doi: 10.1016/j.jbi.2011.05.004. Epub 2011 May 27.

Combining PubMed knowledge and EHR data to develop a weighted bayesian network for pancreatic cancer prediction.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel method that combines PubMed knowledge and Electronic Health Records to develop a weighted Bayesian Network Inference (BNI) model for pancreatic cancer prediction. We selected 20 common risk factors associated with pancreatic cancer and used PubMed knowledge to weigh the risk factors. A keyword-based algorithm was developed to extract and classify PubMed abstracts into three categories that represented positive, negative, or neutral associations between each risk factor and pancreatic cancer. Then we designed a weighted BNI model by adding the normalized weights into a conventional BNI model. We used this model to extract the EHR values for patients with or without pancreatic cancer, which then enabled us to calculate the prior probabilities for the 20 risk factors in the BNI. The software iDiagnosis was designed to use this weighted BNI model for predicting pancreatic cancer. In an evaluation using a case-control dataset, the weighted BNI model significantly outperformed the conventional BNI and two other classifiers (k-Nearest Neighbor and Support Vector Machine). We conclude that the weighted BNI using PubMed knowledge and EHR data shows remarkable accuracy improvement over existing representative methods for pancreatic cancer prediction.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21642013
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3174321
Free PMC Article
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