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Anim Reprod Sci. 2011 Jul;126(3-4):211-20. doi: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2011.05.003. Epub 2011 May 14.

Characterization of porcine autism susceptibility candidate 2 as a candidate gene for the number of corpora lutea in pigs.

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  • 1National Livestock Breeding Center, Department of Technology, 1 Odakurahara, Nishigo-mura, Nishishirakawa-gun, Fukushima, Japan. s0sato@nlbc.go.jp

Abstract

In a previous study, we mapped two quantitative trait loci (QTL) approximately 50cM apart, both influencing the number of corpora lutea in pigs on chromosome 3. One locus included functional candidate genes for proteins related to specific aspects of fertility, such as the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor and the luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor. However, specific genes related to the second locus have not yet been identified. This study aims to identify another candidate gene influencing the number of corpora lutea in pigs. Using 12 polymorphic markers, we fine-mapped a narrow region of pig chromosome 3 that had been shown to contain a QTL for corpora lutea. In the critical region, only 1 gene, autism susceptibility candidate 2 (AUTS2), was identified as a positional candidate. Our results demonstrate that the porcine AUTS2 gene consists of 19 exons with a complete open reading frame of 3768bp encoding an AUTS2 protein of 1256 amino acids. We screened the whole coding sequence and parts of the untranslated region for polymorphisms in an F(2) population of Duroc├ŚMeishan crosses. We found 1 ins/del and 7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), including 2 nonsynonymous variants, c.943C>T in exon 7 and c.2828C>T in exon 19, resulting in P315S and A943V, respectively. The SNP c.943C>T within a proline-rich domain was genotyped in several breeds; the C allele occurred in all breeds, whereas the T allele occurred only in Meishan pigs. Using in situ hybridization, the mRNA expression of the AUTS2 gene was observed on granulosa cells in the porcine ovary and thus may be associated with hormone sensitivity.

Copyright ┬ę 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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