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Acad Pediatr. 2011 Jul-Aug;11(4):305-10. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2011.03.006. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

Medical home disparities between children with public and private insurance.

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  • 1Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., USA. josephzi@umich.edu



To compare the prevalence of a medical home for children with public versus private insurance and identify components of the medical home that contribute to any differences.


We performed a secondary data analysis of the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. A medical home was defined as meeting each of 5 components: 1) usual source of care; 2) personal doctor/nurse; 3) family-centered care; 4) care coordination, if needed; and 5) no problems getting a referral, if needed. We estimated the national prevalence of the medical home and its components for children with public versus private insurance. Comparisons were made using logistic regression, unadjusted and adjusted for sociodemographic factors.


A total of 67% of privately insured children met all 5 components of the medical home, compared with only 45% of publicly insured children (P < .001). The gap in medical home prevalence between public and private groups remained significant after controlling for sociodemographic characteristics (public vs private adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.82; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.73-0.92). Over 90% of children in both groups reported having a usual source of care and a personal doctor/nurse. Only 58% of publicly insured children reported family-centered care, compared with 76% of privately insured children (P < .001). This difference was significant after adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics (public vs private AOR 0.87; 95% CI 0.77-0.99).


Significant medical home disparities exist between publicly and privately insured children, driven primarily by disparities in family-centered care. Efforts to promote the medical home must recognize and address determinants of family-centered care.

Copyright © 2011 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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