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Allergol Int. 2011 Mar;60(2):147-69. doi: 10.2332/allergolint. 11-RAI-0328.

Japanese guideline for childhood asthma.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, National Hospital Organization Shimoshizu National Hospital, Chiba, Japan.


The Japanese Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Allergic Diseases 2010 (JAGL 2010) describes childhood asthma based on the Japanese Pediatric Guideline for the Treatment and Management of Asthma 2008 (JPGL 2008) published by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology. JAGL 2010 provides information on diagnosis by age groups from infancy to puberty, treatment for acute exacerbations, long-term management by medication, daily life guidance, and patient education to allow physicians, not specialized in childhood asthma, to refer to this guideline for routine medical treatment. JAGL differs from the Global Initiative for Asthma Guideline (GINA) in that the former emphasizes long-term management of childhood asthma based on asthma severity and early diagnosis and intervention at <2 years and 2-5 years of age. However, a management method, including step-up or step-down of long-term management agents based on the status of asthma symptoms, is easy to understand and thus JAGL is suitable for routine medical treatment. JAGL also introduced treatment and management using a control test for children, recommending treatment and management aimed at complete control through avoiding exacerbation factors and appropriate use of antiinflammatory agents.

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