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Blood. 2011 Jul 21;118(3):786-94. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-11-321406. Epub 2011 May 31.

Adam17-dependent shedding limits early neutrophil influx but does not alter early monocyte recruitment to inflammatory sites.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA.

Abstract

TNF-α-converting enzyme (TACE, herein denoted as Adam17) proteolytically sheds several cell-surface inflammatory proteins, but the physiologic importance of the cleavage of these substrates from leukocyte subsets during inflammation is incompletely understood. In this study, we show that Adam17-null neutrophils have a 2-fold advantage in their initial recruitment during thioglycollate-induced peritonitis, and they roll slower and adhere more readily in the cremaster model than wild-type neutrophils. Although CD44 and ICAM-1 are both in vitro substrates of Adam17, their surface levels are not altered on Adam17-null neutrophils. In contrast, L-selectin levels are elevated up to 10-fold in Adam17-null circulating neutrophils, and their accelerated peritoneal influx, slower rolling, and increased adhesion in the cremaster muscle are dependent on L-selectin. Analysis of mixed chimeras shows that enhanced L-selectin levels and accelerated influx were both cell-intrinsic properties of neutrophils lacking Adam17. In contrast, Adam17-null monocytes display no acceleration of infiltration into the peritoneum in spite of elevated L-selectin surface levels, and their peritoneal influx was independent of L-selectin. Therefore, our data demonstrate substrate and myeloid cell-type specificity of Adam17-mediated cleavage of its substrates, and show that neutrophils and monocytes use distinct mechanisms for infiltration of tissues.

PMID:
21628404
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3142912
Free PMC Article

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