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Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2011 Apr;49(4):287-93.

[Meta-analysis of calcineurin inhibitor in the treatment of lupus nephritis].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Pediatric Nephrology, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410011, China.



To systematically evaluate the clinical effects of cyclosporine A (CsA) and tacrolimus, which are calcineurin inhibitors, on lupus nephritis.


In this study, the clinical trials on treatment of lupus nephritis with cyclosporine A and tacrolimus published until May 2010 were searched at www.guideline.gov, www.nice.org.uk, mdm.ca/cpgsnew/cpgs/index.asp, www.show.scot.nhs.uk, www.nzgg.org.nz, www.eguid elines.co.uk, www.gin.net, Cochrane library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Wanfang database, Chinese Journal full-text Database, Chongqing Weipu Database by using the methods of Cochrane systematic review. At the same time the information from related journals, professional data and network were hand-searched. The homogeneous evaluation was performed by meta-analysis.Statistical analysis of clinical data was performed by using RevMan 4.2 software provided by the Cochrane Collaboration.


A total of 214 reports were found, while only 7 randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria, 4 of them were on the treatment with CsA (treatment group) and cyclosporine (CTX) group (control group), and 3 of them were the on treatment with FK506 (treatment group) and CTX group (control group). There were 148 reports in the treatment of CsA and CTX group, while 185 reports in the treatment of FK506 and CTX group. Both CsA and tacrolimus group could decrease daily urinary protein. Tacrolimus group was good at reducing daily urinary protein as compared with CTX group, and the difference was statistically significant (Z = 2.8, P = 0.005), but there was no significant difference between CsA and CTX groups (Z = 1.08, P = 0.28). Tacrolimus group was good at complete remission as compared with CTX group (Z = 3.64, P = 0.0003), partial remission was similar in both groups (Z = 0.53, P = 0.6), and tacrolimus group was good at total remission (Z = 2.2, P = 0.03). There was no significant difference between CsA and CTX group in side effect within a short period, while FK506 had less side-effect than CTX group.


Compared with the treatment with CTX, tacrolimus was good at reducing daily urinary protein. CsA and CTX were similar in reducing daily urinary protein in the treatment of lupus nephritis. Tacrolimus resulted in better total remission than CTX and had less side effect. CsA and CTX groups were similar in side effect. On the whole, calcineurin inhibitor could significantly decrease daily urinary protein, and tacrolimus was better in treatment and had less side-effect than CTX. However, large scale, multicenter, well-designed clinical trials should be adopted to further confirm the conclusions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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