Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Sep 15;184(6):680-6. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201101-0037OC. Epub 2011 May 26.

Prompting physicians to address a daily checklist and process of care and clinical outcomes: a single-site study.

Author information

  • 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. curtisweiss@fsm.northwestern.edu

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Checklists may reduce errors of omission for critically ill patients.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine whether prompting to use a checklist improves process of care and clinical outcomes.

METHODS:

We conducted a cohort study in the medical intensive care unit (MICU) of a tertiary care university hospital. Patients admitted to either of two independent MICU teams were included. Intervention team physicians were prompted to address six parameters from a daily rounding checklist if overlooked during morning work rounds. The second team (control) used the identical checklist without prompting.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

One hundred and forty prompted group patients were compared with 125 control and 1,283 preintervention patients. Compared with control, prompting increased median ventilator-free duration, decreased empirical antibiotic and central venous catheter duration, and increased rates of deep vein thrombosis and stress ulcer prophylaxis. Prompted group patients had lower risk-adjusted ICU mortality compared with the control group (odds ratio, 0.36; 95% confidence interval, 0.13-0.96; P = 0.041) and lower hospital mortality compared with the control group (10.0 vs. 20.8%; P = 0.014), which remained significant after risk adjustment (odds ratio, 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.15-0.76; P = 0.008). Observed-to-predicted ICU length of stay was lower in the prompted group compared with control (0.59 vs. 0.87; P = 0.02). Checklist availability alone did not improve mortality or length of stay compared with preintervention patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this single-site, preliminary study, checklist-based prompting improved multiple processes of care, and may have improved mortality and length of stay, compared with a stand-alone checklist. The manner in which checklists are implemented is of great consequence in the care of critically ill patients.

Comment in

PMID:
21616996
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3208596
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk