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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 May 31;57(22):2263-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2010.11.063.

The utility of cardiac biomarkers, tissue velocity and strain imaging, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in predicting early left ventricular dysfunction in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor II-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant trastuzumab therapy.

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  • 1Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, St. Boniface General Hospital, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether cardiac biomarkers, tissue velocity (TVI) and strain imaging, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging can predict early left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in human epidermal growth factor receptor II-positive breast cancer patients treated with trastuzumab in the adjuvant setting.

BACKGROUND:

Early indexes of LV systolic dysfunction with noninvasive cardiac imaging would be useful for addressing the cardiac safety profile of trastuzumab, potentially avoiding the detrimental effects of heart failure.

METHODS:

We used cardiac biomarkers, TVI and strain imaging, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to detect pre-clinical changes in LV systolic function, before conventional changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in human epidermal growth factor receptor II-positive breast cancer patients treated with trastuzumab in the adjuvant setting.

RESULTS:

Of 42 patients (mean age 47 ± 9 years) prospectively followed between 2007 and 2009, 10 (25%) developed trastuzumab-mediated cardiomyopathy (CM). Troponin T, C-reactive protein, and brain natriuretic peptide did not change over time. Within 3 months of adjuvant therapy with trastuzumab, there was a significant difference in the lateral S' between the normal cohort and the CM group (9.1 ± 1.6 cm/s and 6.4 ± 0.6 cm/s, respectively, p < 0.05). Similarly, the peak global longitudinal and radial strain decreased as early as 3 months in the trastuzumab-mediated cardiotoxicity group. As compared with both global longitudinal and radial strain, only S' was able to identify all 10 patients who developed trastuzumab-mediated CM. The LVEF subsequently decreased at 6 months of follow-up in all 10 patients, necessitating discontinuation of the drug. All 10 patients demonstrated delayed enhancement of the lateral wall of the LV within the mid-myocardial portion, consistent with trastuzumab-induced CM.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both TVI and strain imaging were able to detect pre-clinical changes in LV systolic function, before conventional changes in LVEF, in patients receiving trastuzumab in the adjuvant setting.

Copyright © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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PMID:
21616287
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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