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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1990 May;25(1):23-35.

Recombinant bovine interferon-gamma, but not interferon-alpha, potentiates bovine neutrophil oxidative responses in vitro.

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  • 1Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.


In this study we have addressed the in vitro effects of recombinant bovine interferon-gamma (rBoIFN-gamma) and interferon-alpha (rBoIFN-alpha 1) on oxidative functions of bovine neutrophils. Treatment with rBoIFN-gamma, but not rBoIFN-alpha 1, enhanced the luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (LDCL) response of bovine neutrophils to both opsonized zymosan particles and phorbol myristate acetate. Pre-incubation of neutrophils for 2 h at 39 degrees C with rBoIFN-gamma resulted in a 40% increase in both LDCL and release of hydrogen peroxide by neutrophils stimulated with opsonized zymosan. This enhancement was observed at doses ranging from 0.2 to 2000 units of rBoIFN-gamma per ml. In contrast to the results observed in the LDCL and hydrogen peroxide assays, preincubation of neutrophils with rBoIFN-gamma had no effect on the levels of superoxide anion released in response to opsonized zymosan. Pre-incubation with rBoIFN-gamma increased phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-stimulated LDCL by 30%, although it had no effect on either superoxide anion or hydrogen peroxide release in response to PMA stimulation. Neither recombinant interferon directly elicited an oxidative burst from neutrophils in the absence of zymosan or PMA stimulation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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