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Diabetes Technol Ther. 2011 Jul;13(7):767-72. doi: 10.1089/dia.2011.0017. Epub 2011 May 25.

Association study of IRS1 gene polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes in south Indians.

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  • 1Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, ICMR Advanced Centre for Genomics of Type 2 Diabetes, Chennai, India.



The insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS1) gene is a candidate gene for type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the IRS1 gene polymorphisms Gly972Arg and Ala513Pro with type 2 diabetes in an Asian Indian population in south India.


A total of 2,148 subjects (1,187 normal glucose-tolerant [NGT] and 961 type 2 diabetes subjects) were randomly selected from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study. The IRS1 gene polymorphisms Gly972Arg and Ala513Pro were genotyped in these subjects using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism, and a few variants were confirmed by direct sequencing.


The frequency of the "A" allele of the Gly972Arg(G→A) single nucleotide polymorphism was similar between the NGT and diabetes subjects (2%). There was no significant difference in the genotypic frequency between the NGT and type 2 diabetes group (P = 0.25). When the study subjects were stratified based on body mass index (BMI) as per World Health Organization Asia Pacific guidelines as nonobese (BMI <25 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥25 kg/m(2)), neither the allelic frequency (nonobese, P = 0.44; obese, P = 0.37) nor the genotypic frequency (nonobese, P = 0.29; obese, P = 0.35) was significantly different between the NGT and type 2 diabetes groups. The Ala513Pro polymorphism was first genotyped in 500 NGT and 500 type 2 diabetes subjects. None of these subjects carried the Ala513Pro or the Pro513Pro genotype. Hence, the Ala513Pro polymorphism was not genotyped further.


The IRS1 gene variants Gly972Arg and Ala513Pro are not associated with type 2 diabetes in this south Indian population.

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