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J Vis Exp. 2011 May 13;(51). pii: 2641. doi: 10.3791/2641.

Isolation of Drosophila melanogaster testes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Massachusetts Medical School, MA, USA. phillip.zamore@umassmed.edu

Abstract

The testes of Drosophila melanogaster provide an important model for the study of stem cell maintenance and differentiation, meiosis, and soma-germline interactions. Testes are typically isolated from adult males 0-3 days after eclosion from the pupal case. The testes of wild-type flies are easily distinguished from other tissues because they are yellow, but the testes of white mutant flies, a common genetic background for laboratory experiments are similar in both shape and color to the fly gut. Performing dissection on a glass microscope slide with a black background makes identifying the testes considerably easier. Testes are removed from the flies using dissecting needles. Compared to protocols that use forceps for testes dissection, our method is far quicker, allowing a well-practiced individual to dissect testes from 200-300 wild-type flies per hour, yielding 400-600 testes. Testes from white flies or from mutants that reduce testes size are harder to dissect and typically yield 200-400 testes per hour.

PMID:
21610676
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3197105
Free PMC Article
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